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Water - The Crisis of 21st Century

Wednesday, January 31, 2007

Few of days ago I was arguing with my colleagues regarding Crisis of 21st century but my dear colleagues were not ready to accept water as crisis of the century so I decided to write a blog for which I did some Googling n' research also I've posted following info in my other blogs also like Dobato blog which is a collection my different articles n study materials of my MBA days.

"Water is life, Water is death"

Water is one of the most precious elements of life on the planet. It is critical for satisfying the basic human needs, health, food production, energy and maintenance of regional and global ecosystems.

Over 70% of the human body is made up of water. A human being may survive without food for several days but water deprivation can kill a person within a matter of hours.

Life is, therefore, tied to water, as it is tied to air and food. And food is indeed tied to water.

Water could well be the only natural resource to touch all aspects of human civilization.

"No single measure would do more to reduce disease and save lives in the developing world than bringing safe water and adequate sanitation" (Kofi Annan).

Issues of food or health or sanitation, environment or cities or energy production, the 21st century has to deal with water quality and management.

Yet, while water sustains life, it can also cause deaths if contaminated. Some of the deadliest diseases, which kill millions around the world every year, are carried in unclean water. In fact, unsafe water and sanitation cause an estimated 80% of all diseases in the developing world, where as much as 90% of waste water is discharged without treatment. An estimated 50 to 100 lakhs people die every year-including one child every 15 second from diseases caused by poor water quality; 25,000 people are dying every day from malnutrition.

"Sold Out of Water"

The Crisis

Let us look at some of the different dimensions of this crisis.

About 120 crores of people (20% of the global population) spread across 40 countries do not have access to safe water; 240 crores of people lack adequate sanitation services.

There is no more fresh water on earth today than there was 2000 years ago when population was 3% of its current size! In the past 100 years, the world population was tripled but water use by humans has multiplied sixfold. Women in Africa and Asia walk an average distance of 6 km a day to collect water.

Fresh water fishing, a key livelihood activity around the world, is under threat. More than 20% of the world's known - 10,000 - fresh water fish species have become extinct, been threatened or endangered in recent decades.

Daily water use per person is about 600 litres in residential areas of North America and Japan and 250-350 litres in Europe whereas per capita water use per day in sub Sahara region is a mere 10 litres. (Per capita use of water in India is about 50 litres per day).

It is reckoned that one flush of a western toilet uses as much water as the average person in the developing world uses for a whole day's washing, drinking, cleaning and cooking!

"The battle for life"

Water, the Cause of the Third World War!

Over the next 20 years, the world's population will increase from the present 6.4 billion to an estimated 7.2 billion whereas the average supply of water per person is expected to fall by one-third. The hardest hit will be the poorest.

According to UN, by 2025 as many as 500 crores of people will be facing water shortage; as many as 270 crores will face severe water shortages, if the world continues consuming water at the present rate.

Water scarcity is estimated to cause annual global losses of 350 million tonnes of food production by 2025.

Save every drop of water today, because water shortage could well lead to the next world war. Unless appropriate measures are taken immediately, the world would soon face threats to global good supply; further environmental damage and ongoing health risks for the hundreds of millions of people lacking access to clean water.

"Fierce national competition over water resources has prompted fears that water issues contain the seeds of violent conflict" (Kofi Annan).

There are 215 trans-boundary rivers whose basins cover 50 percent of all land areas; 32% of the national boundaries are formed by water. Consequently, UN has identified 300 potential water conflict zones.

"Crisis of the Century"

Why the Crisis?

Water covers 70% of the planet but more than 97.5% of the surface water is ocean which, obviously, is not usable in industry, agriculture or as drinking water. (Desalination is far too expensive to be for widespread adoption).

The fresh water on which the world depends represents a mere 2.5% of available water. But then, three-quarters of this fresh water is trapped in the form of snow and ice. That is, all that is available for human use (and, of course, for animals as well) is 0.6% of the surface water!

Population growth, climate change, overuse/ misuse of water and pollution of available water are the principal causes of the crisis.

Irrigation accounts for two-thirds of global use of fresh water. Farmers use water less efficiently and withdraw more water to compensate for water losses. In developing countries 60% is wasted or used inefficiently.

Major sources of water pollution are human wastes, industrial wastes and chemicals and pesticides and fertilizers used for farming.

We have been pumping groundwater faster than aquifers can recharge.

Most of the water reservoirs are suffering reductions in storage capacity as a result of sedimentation caused by deforestation; on an average 1 % of the water storing capacity of the storage reservoirs is being lost annually.

Much of the municipal water supply is lost before it reaches consumers, leaking out of water mains, pipes or faucets or disappearing through illegal taps.

In plain terms, as far as fresh water is concerned, the world has been living way beyond its means.

"So Far So Good"

Not Too Late Yet!

Of all the planet's renewable resources, fresh water may well be the most unforgiving;difficult to purify, expensive to transport and impossible to substitute.

"Water is not like oil. There is no substitute. If we continue to take it for granted, much of the earth is going to run short of water or food - or both."

"A scarier prognosis is indeed difficult to conjure up."

Source :

Water World Council


Download Free Photoshop brushes and patterns from Brusheezy

Monday, January 29, 2007

I've been always looking for some good Photoshop brushes and patterns site. Today I found Brusheezy, a community-driven site where you can download various Photoshop brushes and patterns.

Right now they have got 118 brushes and 2 patterns into Abstract to Vintage; you can also upload your own patterns and brushes.

[Links] [Brusheezy]

My New Orkut Avatar

Saturday, January 27, 2007

Click on Avatar to zOOoOoom in....

My Orkut Profile

I'm Back

Friday, January 26, 2007

I'm back n' I know you all are waiting for snaps of my Nepal tour that I promised to share wid you. Well I clicked 2154 times wid my Nikon coolpix S9, pura paisa Wasoool, coz I captured memorable n' priceless snaps of my grand parents n' our old home at countryside that place still rocks which we left 22 years ago, I like most about it is da kind of peace n' clean environment.

During these 10 days tour I almost visited all my relatives I really couldn't figured out the kind of complex relation like what is my relation with them n' how would pay regards to them either touching their feet or just simply paying my deep regards through "Namaste" for instance we visited my dad's elder sister's brother in law's son gosh I have no idea what should I call them but later I got to know I needed to call him bro.

Here are some snaps that I'd bundled in the form of Album, Click on the image to enlarge also you can download whole album simply click at the album and follow instructions at the left bar .

Chitwan National Park

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Grand Parents

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Country Side

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Nikon Coolpix S9

Thursday, January 11, 2007

10.01.2007: Finally I bought Nikon Coolpix S9 digicam with external 2 GB SD Card of Transcend, cost me around Rs. 19700 (IC) thanx to Credit card otherwise i would have gone bankrupt.

Some of it's cool features are -
  • 6.1 Megapixels for stunning prints as large as 16 x 20 inches
  • Monitor - 2.5-inch, 153,600 pixels
  • Slim, Stylish, All-Metal Design slips right into my shirt/trouser pocket!
  • One-Touch Portrait Button automatically activates In-Camera Red-Eye Fix(TM) and Face-Priority AF to create stunning portraits.
  • And many more >>

I took this self portrait in front of my bathroom mirror at 1:32 AM, well for the time being I'm quite happy with it's output, I'm flying to Nepal for 10 days when I'll be back I'll share dozens of Nepal's beauty till then see ya.

Apple's iphone

Tuesday, January 09, 2007

CNBC Report on iPhone

iPhone Video of a Call

Watch more iPhone videos:
1) Steve Jobs on CNBC
2) iPhone-Stunning
3) iPhone at MacWorld 2007

Snapshots @ Flickr
Find More at Apple Store

Resolutions for the year of Bond 007

Tuesday, January 02, 2007

1) Switching to Vegetarian food (partially) - No chicken, no Mutton, no Giraffe, no elephants only Fish (good for health) (only small fishes not whale and sharks)
Reason - I'm gaining lots of weight (8 kilos in 7 months)

2) No Daru Saru - I've started intake of alcohol for the 1st in my life from 31st dec 2006 2006 - REASON - I was getting alienated from my MBA 8 subgroup (RGP), before that I used to say that I get very violent after having alcohol in order to avoid alcohol offerings after MBA Now I don't think so that I need to have it any more.

3) Never hurt myself anymore (emotionally)

4) I'll start working out to maintain my waist line no more aaaram.....(recently bought Nike Joggers)

5) I'll start enjoying every single second of the journey of my life. (fulltooo masti no regrets n' lookin back)

6) Will buy Nikon Coolpix S9 and iPod Nano.

Happy New Year - 2007

Monday, January 01, 2007

ahahaha...hey come...we aren't that bad!....I might just borrow resolution # 5...we should enjoy each and every second of our lives...cuz we live only once after all ...right? Good luck with the jogging!...see ya.1/03/2007 09:20:00 AM|W|P|Blogger Rajesh Rana|W|P|Yepp.... #5 is very important.........
we are here for the first and last time only....... if we waste this life in just regreting our past then there no use of our life..... enjoy have fun...1/03/2007 08:26:00 PM|W|P|Anonymous nidhi n.|W|P|hi.......so someone is making new year resolutions,nice to see the initiative been taking.....epecially about gals..and am really proud that u r still the blogging flag bearer....cheers and keep it up.1/04/2007 09:28:00 AM|W|P|Blogger Rajesh Rana|W|P|thankyou.... thankyou.....

App HSBC se bahar aaye to blog karengi na........1/06/2007 12:22:00 AM|W|P|Blogger How do we know|W|P|Wah! Wht amazing resolutions!

A heartbreak can be hajar devastating, but eventually, it all gets well, and oopar se the joke is that you might also fall in love again! Chemical locha mere bhai, sab dimaag mein chemical locha hai.1/06/2007 12:54:00 PM|W|P|Blogger Rajesh Rana|W|P|sahi bola bhai....... Chemical Locha........LOL1/01/2007 12:59:00 AM|W|P|Rajesh|W|P||W|P|116774695894189787|W|P|Happy New Year - 2007|W|P|rkrana@gmail.com-->